What is a Health Savings Account (HSA)?
An HSA is a personal savings account that you use to save and pay for health care. You can open an HSA if you’re enrolled in an “HSA-qualified” health plan. With an HSA, you have a tax-advantaged way to help you save for future medical expenses, plus greater flexibility in using your health care dollars. A few important HSA features: You own the account, so the money is yours to keep forever, even if you change jobs or retire; there is no “use it or lose it” rule, so unused money in your HSA rolls over to the next year; your HSA deposits and withdrawals (to pay for eligible expenses) are tax-free.
Who is eligible to open an HSA?
To be eligible to open an HSA, you:
- Must be covered by an HSA-qualified health plan
- Cannot have other Non-HSA qualified health coverage
- Cannot be enrolled in Medicare (A or B) or Tricare
- Cannot be claimed as a dependent on someone else’s tax return
- Cannot have a general purpose (medical, dental, vision) Flexible Spending Account or Health Reimbursement Account, nor can your spouse
- Cannot have an unused FSA balance on December 31of the FSA plan year.
What is Non-HSA qualified health coverage?
Health coverage is considered Non-HSA qualified when the medical plan pays benefits without you having to meet a deductible, or, if the deductible does not meet certain IRS guidelines.
What type of Health Plans are considered Non-HSA Qualified?
- Health Care FSA plans that reimburse you for medical expenses
- Medical plans that have a deductible less than $1,350 per Individual or $2,700 per family in 2019
What are the tax benefits of an HSA?
When you open an HSA, you save on taxes in three ways:
- The money you contribute to your HSA is tax-free. You can maximize your tax savings by contributing up to the maximum amount allowed by the IRS each year.
- Any interest or investment earnings from your HSA are tax-free.
- When you withdraw money from your HSA to pay for eligible health care expenses, those withdrawals are tax-free.
It’s important to note that these tax benefits apply to federal income taxes only. State taxes may still apply. Consult your tax advisor for details.
What are the contribution limits for an HSA?
It is important to know how much you can contribute to your HSA to avoid excess contributions, which are taxed. Both the amount you contribute and the amount NVIDIA contributes to your account accumulate toward the annual maximum allowed by the IRS.
The limits for 2019 are listed below:
You are responsible for following contribution rules and limits.
How much does the company contribute to the HSA Plans?
NVIDIA’s contribution to the HSA varies by plan and coverage level. In 2019 NVIDIA’s contribution will range from $1,000 to $3,000.
How often does NVIDIA make a contribution to the HSA?
The company’s contribution to the HSA is made in one lump-sum payment in late January of each year. New hires will receive a pro-rated company contribution in the month following their hire date. For example, if your hire date is Jan. 5, 2019, you’ll receive the contribution in February 2019.
How do I set up my contributions?
- You can set up contributions as a flat amount spread out equally over pay periods; or
- You can set up a custom contribution, which means you can choose when and how much you want deducted from your pay check(s).
Can I contribute directly to my HSA?
Yes you can (see your Fidelity welcome kit for details), however this could cause you to go over the annual IRS maximum. This could also prevent further contributions from the company.
Will I receive NVIDIA’s HSA contribution if I leave the company or if I am terminated?
No. You must be an active employee on the day the company contribution is funded.
What happens if I contribute more than the maximum allowed by the IRS?
You are responsible for making sure you do not exceed the maximum HSA contribution limit. NVIDIA uses your payroll deductions and company contributions to stay within the IRS limits. If you contribute money directly to your HSA at Fidelity, this may cause you to exceed the limit. In this case, you should withdraw the excess amount, plus any interest and/or investment earnings on the excess amount, before April 15 of the following year. You can request a withdrawal online or by contacting Fidelity, our HSA administrator, at 800 544-3716. You’ll be required to pay income tax on the excess contributions and any earnings from the excess contributions. If you fail to withdraw the excess contribution by April 15, you’ll be subject to a 20% penalty on the excess amount. Consult your tax advisor for details.
How do I know if an HSA is right for me?
You should consider an HSA if:
- You can afford to pay the deductible
- You’re in good health
- You use preventive services that are covered at 100%
- Don’t have a chronic condition
- Like low to no premiums per paycheck
- Would like to take advantage of triple tax savings, and
- Receive generous employer contribution toward your HSA
Why are the deductibles under the HSA plans so high?
A Health Plan that qualifies for an HSA must meet certain IRS requirements, which include having a minimum deductible of $1,350 for an individual and $2,700 for family in 2019. The health plan must also limit the maximum you spend out of your pocket for health care expenses. This is called the out-of-pocket maximum. For 2019 the IRS has set the out-of-pocket maximum for HSA plans at $6,750 for individuals and $13,500 for families.
For 2019 NVIDIA’s in-network deductible limits are:
|NVIDIA HSA||NVIDIA HSA Plus||Kaiser HSA|
|Individual + 1||$7,500||$2,700||$2,700|
How can I invest my HSA?
The funds in your HSA can be invested in securities (stocks, bonds, mutual funds, etc.) or a combination of cash and securities. Funds not invested can be held in cash or a core fund.
View the fund offerings and learn more at netbenefits.com.
If I have an HSA with another bank, can I also enroll in the Fidelity HSA?
Yes. You may have more than one HSA account, but additional fees may apply if you maintain more than one account. If you like, you can close your other HSAs and transfer the funds to your Fidelity HSA. To roll over or transfer funds from an old HSA to a Fidelity HSA, you must complete a Rollover/ Transfer Request form and submit it to Fidelity.
It’s also important to note that the total amount you contribute to all HSAs you own is still limited to the annual IRS limit. For 2019, the IRS contribution max is $3,500 for individuals and $7,000 for families. If you are age 55 or older, you can contribute an additional $1,000. These limits include both your contributions and NVIDIA’s.
How often can I change my HSA contribution?
As often as you like. Unlike a Flexible Spending Account, HSA contributions can be changed at any time without a qualified life event.
If I enroll in a plan with an HSA, do I have to also elect the Health Savings Account?
No, you do not. However, we recommend it to help maximize the value of your medical plan. If you do not enroll in the HSA, you will NOT receive the annual company contribution made to the account at the end of January (or in the first paycheck of the month following your hire date for new hires).
What are the survivor benefits associated with my HSA?
If you die, your HSA will pass to your surviving spouse, tax-free. If you name HSA beneficiaries other than your spouse, that money will be disbursed to them and subject to applicable taxes.
Can I have a flexible spending account and an HSA?
Yes. However, under IRS rules, you’re not allowed to have Health Care FSA and an HSA. However, you can have both an HSA and a Limited Purpose FSA. A Limited Purpose FSA lets you set aside pre-tax dollars to reimburse you for eligible dental and vision expenses only.
Who owns the money in my HSA?
You do. All the money in your HSA—including NVIDIA’s contributions—is yours to keep forever, even if you change jobs or health care coverage.
How does the deductible work under an HSA qualified health plan?
Under an HSA qualified health plan, your deductible applies to non-preventative covered services, including medical, behavioral health and prescription drugs. For families, meeting a deductible is a bit different under an HSA qualified health plan than under a traditional plan (like a PPO). In some cases, like with the NVIDIA HSA Plus Plan, the whole family has to meet the family deductible before the plan begins to pay benefits. In other cases, like with the NVIDIA HSA Plan, the plan begins paying benefits for an individual family member after an individual member has met his or her deductible.
Should I pay upfront at the doctor’s office with my HSA card?
No. Instead, tell your doctor’s office that you are covered by an HDHP. Remember, preventive services in-network are covered at 100%, and other services provided in the doctor’s office are based on the allowable charge after your provider has submitted a claim to Cigna or Kaiser. After your claim is processed, Cigna will send you an Explanation of Benefits that shows the amount you owe your physician.
I’m about to become Medicare-eligible (reach age 65) while working for NVIDIA. Can I still participate in an HDHP with an HSA?
Yes. You may still be covered by an HDHP after you reach age 65 and become eligible for Medicare. You also may keep your HSA and continue to use it to pay for eligible health care expenses. However, you may not contribute to your HSA—nor can NVIDIA contribute to your account—after you reach age 65 and enroll in Medicare.